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Letter from Philip Harry and Dr. John Harry
January 15, 1836 Fredericton
My Dear Uncle,
Long ... I presume you have both received my letter of the twenty second October and have seen Mr. Kendall who was a bearer of it. I sincerely pray that he may have had a safe passage. He will be able far better than me to answer all your inquiries respecting the Nature and capabilities of this Province. Of one thing I must, however, beg? to warn you - and that without the slightest inspiration on Mr. Kendall's word and character, which are those of a gentleman and a man of honour - and without abating one iota of love and respect I bear him for his uniform kindness & gentlemanly treatment - he is sanguine, and views things in a lights which some might call too favorable, tho' it may be my own saturnine temperament induces me to think so more than I should otherwise. Of course, it is not within the compass of a letter to give anything but a superficial, rambling recount of a country abounding in resources like the one I inhabit - but I will set down my observations as they come upp... Nova Scotia was settled much earlier than New Brunswick, and the French had considerable & important towns abode in this Province. To this is owing the greater extent of its cultivating lands, and the more in pr... state of Nova Scotian husbandry. Again - as you very properly remark - New Bk counts the Lumber Trade among its principle and actually available resources - whereas her sister Province is nearly exhausted of timber. (Pine, Birch, ... and some Cedar supply the Market). Other woods are not much thought of .
The rage for Land, speculation (last summer) which possessed the yankees and others, had almost wholly ... to timber and mill-sites. For saw-mills, New Brunswick is most peculiarly adopted. Her rivers are all very rapid, and generally (in greater part of their ....) flowing without high banks - so the dams are thrown across with the greatest ease, and water is so plentiful that there is no chance of a deficiency of power on that score. The works of their mills are entirely of wood - very simple & very easily ...... In the absence of ......... of which there is one only in St. John, iron machinery is out of the question. But the Province abounds with Coal & of iron, I believe, there is no lack. But of Capital there is great lack - and indeed, it would not pay to work ..... at present. In ..... of the Yankee speculations, by which many have found themselves bitten, the sale of Crown lands by private contract was for some time just a stop to (except in a few speculation cases) and blocks sold by auction.